the International Journal of Education, Theology, and Humanities <p class="heading1" align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="EN-GB"><strong>the International Journal of Education, Theology, and Humanities </strong>is an international journal that accepts for publication reviewed original papers, short communications, and reviews on a broad range of topics of interest for educations, theologians and humanities working mainly in the area of Science &amp; Theology.</span></span></p> <p class="heading1" align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"> </span><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="EN-GB">The aim of the journal is to serve as a platform of exchanging ideas and exploring interconnections between Educations, Theology and Humanities. It aspires to offer the theological community digestible, yet fully competent accounts of latest scientific research while inviting further exploration of the ethical, religious, social, and philosophical aspects of these scientific discoveries. Scientists and technologists, on the other hand, may find here new insights and/or more complex attempts of understanding possible short-term as well as long-term implications of their research work for the life of human individual, communities, and the natural environment. IJETH wishes to gather, critically explore, and share the potential of an international community of academics and professionals, intending to contribute actively to Asians and global debates on these issues.</span></span></p> <p class="heading1" align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"> </span><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="EN-GB">The journal will also try to provide university lectures or students (primarily, though not exclusively, on the doctoral level of study), young post-docs and newcomers in the field of Educations, Theology and Humanities, a basic tool with which to learn its fundamental and possible applied aspects.</span></span></p> en-US (Warseto Freddy Sihombing, M.Th) (Juni Santo Sihotang, S.Kom) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 60 Understanding the Pattern of Sowing-Reaping in Christianity: Efforts to Redesign the Model of Christian Education in Schools Facing the Aftermath of the Covid-19 Pandemic <p>Pandemic Covid-19 has changed everything, including the education sector. Education is no longer focused on place and time but transforms it from a manual to a virtual space. &nbsp;People have limitations to do activities that can cause crowds. During the Covid-19 pandemic we need to develop an attitude of spirituality that is very useful for children in religious education. Religious education is not a cognitive problem alone but includes emotive and spiritual. Christian educational institutions are expected to develop spiritual approaches that are the future trend of post-pandemic era education. &nbsp;This research aims to provide an overview of the importance of redesigning the model of christian education in school facing the aftermath of the Covid-19 pandemic. &nbsp;This research is a qualitative approach by trying to find the subject and its description by referring to the approach of education experts and can be accounted for scientifically. Therefore, researchers will describe the strategic steps of the spiritual approach education model in the face of the post-Covid 19 or new normal era. From the description can be drawn conclusions about the importance of trying to understand the pattern of sowing-reaping in Christianity. This section needs to get a more share in Christian Education, if the desired result is the formation of a character of learners similar to Christ. Christ's new perspective on the principle of sowing lies in Christ's discernment of the deepest source of the human heart. In this fundamental part lies the entire root of various human deeds. That is why every Christian is called to always live carefully, observantly, critically and prioritize the depth and maturity of his spirituality so that their lives can be constantly illuminated by the Holy Spirit.</p> Sandy Ariawan, Jungjungan Simorangkir Copyright (c) 2021 the International Journal of Education, Theology, and Humanities Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 The Implementation of the Main Mandate and Wider Mandate Concepts in the Curriculum Design of (Future) State Christian University in Indonesia <p>The transformation of Christian State Religious Higher Education (SRHE) into State Christian University (SCU) should be able to answer various basic questions regarding their existence, governance and outcomes, thereby convincing various stakeholders that the existence of SCUs is indispensable in every era and will graduate alumni who have a significant impact on the progress of society, nation and state. The concept of the main mandate and wider mandate of the Indonesian Ministry of Religion can be elaborated, and operationalized by the leadership of Christian SRHE in responding to the challenges and expectations of stakeholders. The challenges and expectations for the existence of SCU can be met holistically through the management of vertical elements in the form of prayer, the Word of God, churches, sacraments, fellowship and ministry as well as the management of horizontal elements in the form of lecturer, curriculum, students, as well as soft and hard infrastructure of organization. This paper aims to answer these challenges through one element, namely the curriculum, by outlining the concept of curriculum design that synergizes Christian values and knowledge (as the main mandate) and other sciences (wider mandate). This article was developed through literature study and analysis and how to synergize various elements of higher education in a concept that underlies curriculum design that gives Christian SRHE and its graduates uniqueness. Based on the study and analysis of the literature, it is found that the main mandate and wider mandate concepts can be correlated with theological concepts in the form of special revelation, general revelation as well as gospel mandates and cultural mandates. In curriculum design, the main mandate can be represented by the development of the Christian Liberal Arts, and the wider mandate can be represented by the functional science due to study programs that will be opened at SCU.</p> Paul Lumbantobing Copyright (c) 2021 copyright Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Reaffirmation of Religious Intolerance And Inability of Justice In The Case of Apostle Paul Politics, Nepotism, Corruption And Neutrality <table width="636"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Human Rights Enforcement that has begun since the 17th century is increasing being fought in various parts of the world in this century. However, there are more and more injustices and human rights violations on the grounds of differences in beliefs. Conflicts between religious people often occur in religious societies including in democratic countries such as Indonesia in different scales of conflict and various forms of persecution, while the law often does not favor truth and justice. This research aims to raise the persecution experienced by the apostle Paul in the Book of Acts 24-26. The two angles highlighted in Paul's persecution are intolerance of belief and incompetence of legal justice. Intolerance of faith was committed by Jewish leaders. They demanded that Paul be put to death on charges of violating Jewish beliefs, the desecration of the Temple, the preaching of the remission of sins by Christ. Authorities and law enforcement failed to deliver justice and truth. Political interests, voice of majority, and mentality corrupt negate the personal human rights as free creatures. Apostle Paul shown his heroism in defending his faithful in Christ in front of the lawless persecutors. Indifferently from the king’s Agripa neutrality who knows the truth but he did not clear Paul's case to free him from being accused.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><br /><br /></p> Adolfina Elisabeth Koamesakh, Iwan Setiawan Tarigan Copyright (c) 2021 the International Journal of Education, Theology, and Humanities Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Build The Ecclesiology-Theology Contextual In GKPA <p>This research focuses on the ecclesiology of the Christian Protestant Angkola Church (GKPA). GKPA has implemented its ecclesiology for a long time. For a few decades GKPA's ecclesiology was dominated by the thinking and understanding of European ecclesiological heritage through <em>zending</em> (missionary) institutions that had worked and served in the Angkola-Mandailing area. The approach taken in this research is a grounded theory approach. This approach was chosen because of a lack of comprehensive knowledge regarding specific factors and inter-factor relationships that include the evolutionary ecclesiology process of GKPA, <em>Patanakhon Hata ni Debata tu Luat Angkola</em> (Sowing the Word of God to the Angkola region) at the beginning towards new ecclesiology GKPA Excellent Ministry in Togetherness. The process of evolution of the GKPA ecclesiology shows the new perspective of the GKPA’s ecclesiology theory and/or to find a new and relevant contextual ecclesiology’s theory of GKPA. The novelty of this article is to offer a new theory in ecclesiology namely: Excellent Ministry Ecclesiology in Togetherness. This ecclesiology is a new offer for GKPA to achieve GKPA's vision and mission to be "a Church that has Excellent Ministry in Togetherness".</p> Ramli Harahap Copyright (c) 2021 RAMLI HARAHAP Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 The Role of The Church In The Education of The Congregation or People To Influence The Surrounding Community <p>Society is a group of people consisting of several humans. In society, Indonesia has six religions, namely Protestant Christianity, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Islam. Of these religions have different ways of worshiping or worshiping and also have different reinforcement of faith. As five people who believe in the existence of a Christian God worship the Lord Jesus in the church. The church opens the building that we see where we worship but the church is the person or the church is ourselves. The foundation of Christian faith comes from the Bible which is the source of strength. So the Church must continue to take part in education in order to be able to carry out its greater role in society. The church must also be a place to educate and a place to be educated.</p> Bernard Lubis, Yulius Enisman Harefa Copyright (c) 2021 Bernard Lubis, Yulius Enisman Harefa Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Encounter of Hybrid Learning: Design in Religious Moderation Learning <p>The parties in Indonesia are increasingly aware that exclusivity harms diversity, a breakthrough is needed that can bridge differences, especially in senior high school (SMA) in North Tapanuli Regency. Efforts have been made for this, for example with the encounter learning method for learning religious moderation, but this method cannot always be implemented due to various factors so that the results are not very effective, especially in developing the value of religious moderation among students. To obtain representative research data, this study uses the Research and Development (R &amp; D) method. The purpose of this research is to produce a learning design of Encounter of Hybrid Learning that can be applied in a senior high school environment. From this study, it was found that the learning design of Encounter of Hybrid Learning was able to overcome the inhibiting factors that could not be answered in the learning encounter method but was able to foster the value of religious moderation among students.</p> Andar Gunawan Pasaribu, Roy Charly H. P. Sipahutar; Eduward H. Hutabarat Copyright (c) 2021 Andar Gunawan Pasaribu, Roy Charly H. P. Sipahutar, Eduward H. Hutabarat Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0700